Diplometopon zarudnyi | UAE National Red List of Herpetofauna: Amphibians & Terrestrial Reptiles, Sea Snakes & Marine Turtles

Taxa
Diplometopon zarudnyi | Nikolsky, 1907
Location
Countries in Assessment
United Arab Emirates
Country ISO code(s)
ARE
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
Off
Scope (Assessment)
National
Taxon
Taxonomic Group
Vertebrates
Taxonomic Group Level 2
Reptiles
Assessed taxon level
Species
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
Within the United Arab Emirates, this species is found throughout the sandy deserts from Ras al Khaimah to western Abu Dhabi, including the Liwa area (Gardner 2013, Burriel-Carranza et al. in press). Occurs from sea level to 300 m asl. Globally, this species ranges from western Iran (a limited small dune area), southern Iraq and Kuwait, into the Arabian Peninsula where it is found in northern and central Saudi Arabia, Oman and the United Arab Emirates (Sindaco and Jerem√§¬ćenko 2008). It is found from sea level to around 1,000 m asl.
Habitats and Ecology
Ecological system type
Terrestrial system
No
Freshwater system
No
Marine system
No
Habitat
Habitat details as listed in assessment
This species is found on sand sheets and dunes including the upper shoreline of sandy beaches (Gardner 2013).It is a nocturnal and fossorial species that spends most of its life under the sand. At night, they may surface and move considerable distances whilst foraging (Gardner 2013). They are predators which are presumed to consume arthropods and perhaps small geckos (Gardner 2013). They are able to tolerate a wide range of temperature while maintaining a mean selected body temperature within a narrow range (Gardner 2013). Very little is known about the species reproduction, although it may be similar to the observation made in Saudi Arabia, where the breeding season was recorded from early April to late June (Al-Sadoon et al. 2014). Females lay 6-9 eggs with an average egg diameter of 1.5 mm (Al-Sadoon et al. 2014).
Is there a map available in assessment?
Yes
Assessed status
Asessment status in full
Least Concern
Assessment status abreviation
LC
Assessment rationale/justification
Within the United Arab Emirates, this species is found throughout the sandy deserts from Ras al Khaimah to western Abu Dhabi. It is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population with no major threats and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category. This taxon is not a non-breeding visitor, and it is presumed that any immigration from populations outside the UAE is not significant, and therefore there is no adjustment to the Category according to the IUCN regional and national Guidelines (IUCN 2012).
About the assessment
Assessment year
2018
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Affliation of assessor(s)/contributors/reviewers listed on assessment
Government
IGO
Assessor affiliation specific
Government|IGO
Criteria system
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1 + Regional Guidelines v4.0
Criteria system used
IUCN
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Endemism
Endemic to region
Not_assigned
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Conservation
Threats listed in assessment
There appear to be no major threats to this species as a whole, although coastal habitats will be impacted by development.
Conservation Measures

Conservation measures:
Conservation measures notes:
Required conservation measures:

Scientific Name Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Diplometopon zarudnyi Animalia Chordata Reptilia Squamata Trogonophidae Diplometopon