Acanthopagrus berda | UAE National Red List of Marine Species: Reef-building corals, cartilaginous fishes and select bony fishes

Acanthopagrus berda | (Forsskål, 1775)
Countries in Assessment
United Arab Emirates
Country ISO code(s)
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
Scope (Assessment)
Taxonomic Group
Taxonomic Group Level 2
Assessed taxon level
Taxonomic Notes
This species was previously confused with Acanthopagrus vagus in South Africa (Heemstra and Heemstra 2004, Iwatsuki and Heemstra 2010).
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
In UAE waters, this species only occurs in the Sea of Oman. It is not likely to occur in the Arabian Gulf, and reports from there are probably misidentifications of Acanthopagrus randalli (Y. Iwatsuki pers. comm. 2013). Globally, it is restricted to the Indian Ocean where it occurs from South Africa, Madagascar to the Red Sea, India, Phuket and Malaysia (Iwatsuki and Heemstra 2010). This species occurs to 50 m depth.
Habitats and Ecology
Ecological system type
Terrestrial system
Freshwater system
Marine system
Habitat details as listed in assessment
This is an estuarine-dependent species found mainly on sandy and muddy grounds in shallow coastal waters to 50 m depth (Fischer and Bianchi 1984, Garratt 1993). Juveniles inhabit protected bays and estuaries (Carpenter 2001). This species enters freshwaters in Zimbabwe, South Africa and Madagascar. It feeds on worms, molluscs, crustaceans, echinoderms and small fish (Fischer et al. 1990). The maximum length is 90 cm (Smith and Smith 1986). This species is a protandrous hermaphrodite (Allsop and West 2003).
Is there a map available in assessment?
Assessed status
Asessment status in full
Data deficient
Assessment status abreviation
Assessment rationale/justification
In the UAE, this coastal and estuarine species occurs only in the Sea of Oman. It is apparently naturally rare in UAE waters. The impact from the ongoing degradation of estuaries in the region may require further investigation. It is listed as Data Deficient.
About the assessment
Assessment year
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Affliation of assessor(s)/contributors/reviewers listed on assessment
Assessor affiliation specific
Criteria system
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1 + Regional Guidelines v4.0
Criteria system used
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Endemic to region
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Threats listed in assessment
Fishing activity is not known to be driving population declines at this time, but habitat degradation, especially of estuaries, may be impacting this species.
Conservation Measures

Conservation measures:
Conservation measures notes:
Required conservation measures:

Scientific Name Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Acanthopagrus berda Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Perciformes Sparidae Acanthopagrus