Aethaloperca rogaa | UAE National Red List of Marine Species: Reef-building corals, cartilaginous fishes and select bony fishes

Aethaloperca rogaa | (Forsskål, 1775)
Countries in Assessment
United Arab Emirates
Country ISO code(s)
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
Scope (Assessment)
Taxonomic Group
Taxonomic Group Level 2
Assessed taxon level
Taxonomic Notes
Based on molecular phylogenetic analysis, Craig and Hastings (2007) included the species Aetheloperca rogaa within the genus Cephalopholis.
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
This species occurs throughout UAE waters. Globally, it is widespread in the Indo-West Pacific. Its depth range is 1 to 60 metres.
Habitats and Ecology
Ecological system type
Terrestrial system
Freshwater system
Marine system
Habitat details as listed in assessment
This species inhabits coastal reefs and lagoons, often over silty bottoms, or near/in caves and holes in the reef (Heemstra and Randall 1993). It also commonly occurs on reefs without high coral cover. Small juveniles (< 6.0 cm total length) mimic Centropyge flavicauda, C. multispinis, and C. flavipectoralis (Snyder et al. 2001). It primarily feeds on small fishes (including Pempheris spp.), also on stomatopods (Pseudosquilla spp.) and crustaceans (Morgans 1982). This species spawns throughout the year and matures at about 35 cm standard length (Morgans 1982). It is not known to form spawning aggregations (Society for the Conservation of Reef Fish Aggregations database accessed January 2017). In Australia, an experimental line fishing trials examined 52 individuals of this species that measured between 25 to 47 cm total length and reported the ages as ranging from 13 to 18 years (Mapleston et al. 2009).
Is there a map available in assessment?
Assessed status
Asessment status in full
Data deficient
Assessment status abreviation
Assessment rationale/justification
This reef-associated species occurs throughout UAE waters, but is currently relatively rare. According to anecdotal information on catch observations from about 30 years ago, it may have been more common previously. Fishing activity may have caused population declines in the past, but little data are available. Due to the lack of information on its population status in the UAE and potential major threat from fishing and possibly coral reef habitat decline, it is listed as Data Deficient in the UAE.
About the assessment
Assessment year
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Affliation of assessor(s)/contributors/reviewers listed on assessment
Assessor affiliation specific
Criteria system
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1 + Regional Guidelines v4.0
Criteria system used
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Endemic to region
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Threats listed in assessment
Fishing activity may cause declines in the UAE, but this is poorly understood. Its occurrence in the trap (gargoor) fishery as ghost fishing may also cause mortality in this species. Corals in the UAE and Arabian Gulf have severely declined due to the increasing frequency of mass bleaching events caused by rising water temperatures, which is a consequence of climate change, as well as pervasive coastal development (Riegl et al. 2018, Burt et al. 2019).
Conservation Measures

Conservation measures:
Conservation measures notes:
Required conservation measures:

Scientific Name Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Aethaloperca rogaa Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Perciformes Epinephelidae Aethaloperca