Axis axis | Red List of Bangladesh Volume 2: Mammals

Axis axis | (Erxleben, 1777)
NRL Record ID
Countries in Assessment
Country ISO code(s)
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
Scope (Assessment)
Taxonomic Group
Taxonomic Group Level 2
Assessed taxon level
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
It is native to Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka (Prater 1971, Menon 2003). Once the Spotted Deer was very common and found in most of the forested areas of Bangladesh. It was known to occur in Madhupur deciduous forest, Sylhet and Chittagong hill forested areas (Khan 2015). But now it is confined into the Sundarbans Mangrove Forest, Nijhum Dweep National Park, Char Kukri Mukri Wildlife Sanctuary, Jahajmara Mangrove Area and Hatia (Alam and Feeroz 2010, Islam 2001). Populations outside the Sundarbans have been introduced by the Bangladesh Forest Department.
Habitats and Ecology
Ecological system type
Terrestrial system
Freshwater system
Marine system
Habitat details as listed in assessment
Spotted Deer thrives in a variety of habitats, but usually avoid extremes for example dense moist forests and open semi-desert or desert. Moist and dry deciduous forest areas, especially adjoining dry thorn scrub or grasslands appear to be the best areas, and highest densities of Chital are reported from these habitats. Short grasslands habitat, swampy meadows and glades adjoining forest areas, coastal dry evergreen forests, mixed forests or plantations with Teak (Tectona grandis) and Sal (Shorea robusta) are also used as habitat. (Raman in press). The Spotted Deer is a gregarious and frequently found in herds of a few individuals to 100 or more. It feeds largely on grasses at all sessons with green grasses less than 10 cm high seems to be preferred. It also feeds on flowers and fruits. Chital uses more wooded habitat during the cool-dry season and early summer (November to May), where fallen fruit, leaf litter, and browse are available. In open grassland and tropical dry thorn forest, Chital density increases with the onset of monsoon rains and flush of plant growth (Mishra 1982, Moe and Wegge 1994, Khan 1996, Raman et al. 1996).
Is there a map available in assessment?
Yes, in the publication/on website
Assessed status
Asessment status in full
Least Concern
Assessment status abreviation
Assessment rationale/justification
Chital is listed as Least Concern because it occurs in the Sundarbans Mangrove Forest when another population has been introduced in the man-made coastal magrove forest under Noakhali District. It has a stable and sizable population (>1,00,000) and existing threats are not severe. It does not fulfill any criteria to qualify threatened categories. Thus, it has been categorized as Least Concern.
About the assessment
Assessment year
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
A.B.M. Sarowar Alam
Affliation of assessor(s)/contributors/reviewers listed on assessment
Assessor affiliation specific
Criteria system
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1 + Regional Guidelines v4.0
Criteria system used
Criteria Citation
IUCN (2012) IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1. Second edition. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iv + 32pp; IUCN (2012) Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Endemic to region
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: No
Conservation Measures

Conservation measures:
Conservation measures notes:
Required conservation measures:

Further information
Not Threatened in Bangladesh (IUCN Bangladesh 2000).
Scientific Name Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Axis axis Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetartiodactyla Cervidae Axis