Caranx sexfasciatus | UAE National Red List of Marine Species: Reef-building corals, cartilaginous fishes and select bony fishes

Caranx sexfasciatus | Quoy & Gaimard, 1825
Countries in Assessment
United Arab Emirates
Country ISO code(s)
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
Scope (Assessment)
Taxonomic Group
Taxonomic Group Level 2
Assessed taxon level
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
This species occurs throughout UAE waters. Globally, it is widespread in the Indo-West Pacific (Allen and Robertson 1994, Smith-Vaniz 1995, Honebrink 2000).
Habitats and Ecology
Ecological system type
Terrestrial system
Freshwater system
Marine system
Habitat details as listed in assessment
This species is mostly found over coral and rocky reef complexes as adults, but is known to move into inshore areas in sandy bays and lagoons in small numbers (Hamilton and Walter 1999). Juveniles inhabit more inshore, shallower waters around the coastlines, often venturing into lagoons, tidal flats, mangroves and estuaries (Whitfield and Harrison 2003, González Acost and De La Cruz Agüero 2004). It has also been observed well into the upper reaches of rivers (Allen et al. 2002). The species has been reported in pelagic open ocean settings, milling around stationary buoys (Fedoryako 1988). It also is known to be a schooling fish, with aggregations consisting of more than 1500 fish (Sala et al. 2003). Itsdiet consists of crustaceans and fishes (Chan et al. 1974). The maximum total length is 120 cm (Frimodt 1995). The mean length at first maturity (sex unknown) is 30 cm (Tharwat and Al-Gaber 2006).
Is there a map available in assessment?
Assessed status
Asessment status in full
Least Concern
Assessment status abreviation
Assessment rationale/justification
This inshore, pelagic species is common on the eastern coast in UAE waters, but is not yet confirmed from the Gulf coast. Fishing activity is not expected to be causing population declines at this time. There are no known major threats; therefore, it is listed as Least Concern in the UAE.
About the assessment
Assessment year
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Affliation of assessor(s)/contributors/reviewers listed on assessment
Assessor affiliation specific
Criteria system
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1 + Regional Guidelines v4.0
Criteria system used
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Endemic to region
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Threats listed in assessment
Fishing activity is not known to be driving declines in the UAE at this time. Corals in the UAE and Arabian Gulf have severely declined due to the increasing frequency of mass bleaching events caused by rising water temperatures, which is a consequence of climate change, as well as pervasive coastal development (Riegl et al. 2018, Burt et al. 2019).
Conservation Measures

Conservation measures:
Conservation measures notes:
Required conservation measures:

Scientific Name Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Caranx sexfasciatus Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Perciformes Carangidae Caranx