Cyrtopodion scabrum | UAE National Red List of Herpetofauna: Amphibians & Terrestrial Reptiles, Sea Snakes & Marine Turtles

Cyrtopodion scabrum | (Heyden, 1827)
Countries in Assessment
United Arab Emirates
Country ISO code(s)
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
Scope (Assessment)
Taxonomic Group
Taxonomic Group Level 2
Assessed taxon level
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
Within the United Arab Emirates, this species is widespread throughout the sandy desert and gravel plains from sea level to 199 m asl. It is generally found in coastal areas and associated with man (Gardner 2013). Isolated records exist of the species at higher elevation from 900 to 1,000 m asl. It is also known from Dalma and Sir Bani Yas islands of the United Arab Emirates (Gardner 2013, Burriel-Carranza et al. in press). Within the UAE, this species also appears to be associated with development and urbanisation in parts of its range.The natural range of this species is not clear since it appears to have been introduced over much of its range (S. Baha El Din pers. comm. 2009). Populations on the African coast have almost certainly been introduced (Largen and Spawls 2010) and the only report from Eritrea is that of von Heyden (1827), so there is considerable doubt about whether the species still persists there. The current global range (Sindaco and Jeremäenko 2008) of this species is from Eritrea, through Sudan (where it was reported from Port Sudan; Loveridge 1947), Egypt (Flower 1933), Israel (introduced to Eilat; Hoofien 1995, Dolev and Perevelotsky 2002, Werner 1987), southwestern and northeastern Jordan (Sindaco et al. 1995, Disi et al. 2001, Disi 2002), eastern Syria (Disi and Böhme 1996, Martens 1997), Turkey (southeast Anatolia only; Baran and Atatür 1998, Sindaco et al. 2000), most of Iraq, western and southwestern Iran (Anderson 1999), northwestern, northern and eastern Saudi Arabia (with isolated central populations), southwestern Yemen, Kuwait, Qatar, northern United Arab Emirates, eastern and southern Oman (van der Kooij 2000, Carranza et al. 2018), eastwards to Afghanistan (Leviton and Anderson 1963), Pakistan (Baig 1998, Baig et al. 2008, Masroor 2009, Rais et al. 2015) and India (Pardeshi et al. 2010, Vyas 2011). It has also been introduced to the USA (Texas) where it is currently believed to be expanding its range. This species can be found from sea level to 1,800 m asl.
Habitats and Ecology
Ecological system type
Terrestrial system
Freshwater system
Marine system
Habitat details as listed in assessment
This species is found in rocky coastal areas. It occurs in stony areas, on gravelly plains, moderately sandy desert with sparse vegetation, dry wadis and in dry grasslands. It can also be found in urban areas, villages and on building walls and ruins. In general, this is a very anthropophilic species. It is a nocturnal species that lacks adhesive pads on its toes. In the United Arab Emirates, it appears to be found predominantly associated with human habitation and gardens, and it is known to be an invasive colonist (Gardner 2013). Most populations are undoubtedly introduced as new settlements such as towns, farms and oil camps are established (Gardner 2013). Females lay two hard-shelled eggs in a clutch, and lay multiple clutches through the warmer months (Gardner 2013).
Is there a map available in assessment?
Assessed status
Asessment status in full
Least Concern
Assessment status abreviation
Assessment rationale/justification
This species is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a high degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and the absence of significant threats. It has successfully colonized areas where it has been introduced and its population is increasing. This taxon is not a non-breeding visitor, and it is presumed that any immigration from populations outside the UAE is not significant, and therefore there is no adjustment to the Category according to the IUCN regional and national Guidelines (IUCN 2012).
About the assessment
Assessment year
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Affliation of assessor(s)/contributors/reviewers listed on assessment
Assessor affiliation specific
Criteria system
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1 + Regional Guidelines v4.0
Criteria system used
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Endemic to region
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Threats listed in assessment
There appear to be no widespread threats to this species. The species may be preyed on by feral introduced species (cats, rats, etc).
Conservation Measures

Conservation measures:
Conservation measures notes:
Required conservation measures:

Scientific Name Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Cyrtopodion scabrum Animalia Chordata Reptilia Squamata Gekkonidae Cyrtopodion