Echis carinatus ssp. sochureki | UAE National Red List of Herpetofauna: Amphibians & Terrestrial Reptiles, Sea Snakes & Marine Turtles

Echis carinatus ssp. sochureki | Stemmler, 1969
Countries in Assessment
United Arab Emirates
Country ISO code(s)
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
Scope (Assessment)
Taxonomic Group
Taxonomic Group Level 2
Assessed taxon level
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
Within the United Arab Emirates, this subspecies ranges from Ras Al Khaimah to Abu Dhabi, including the east coast and the Al Ain region (Gardner 2013, Burriel-Carranza et al. in press). It is also known from a few localities within the Hajar Mountains. It generally occurs from sea level to 300 m asl, but can be found at up to 1,100 m asl.Globally, the subspecies distribution extends from northern India, Pakistan, Iran, to Oman and the United Arab Emirates (Phelps 2010).
Habitats and Ecology
Ecological system type
Terrestrial system
Freshwater system
Marine system
Habitat details as listed in assessment
The subspecies is found in vegetated sandy desert and gravel plains, including areas of cultivation and urban areas.It is a nocturnal snake that may be active in the day during the cooler months of the year. They feed on a wide range of prey including invertebrates, lizards and small mammals (Gardner 2013). Females are viviparous, producing clutches of 10-11 live young (Gardner 2013). They are the most abundant viper species within the United Arab Emirates to be found in urban gardens and cultivated land where they appear to be flourishing. The species is medically important, causing the most snake-bite incidence in the United Arab Emirates, although fatalities are extremely rare.
Is there a map available in assessment?
Assessed status
Asessment status in full
Least Concern
Assessment status abreviation
Assessment rationale/justification
This subspecies is listed as Least Concern for the UAE in view of its wide distribution, large population, presence in several protected areas throughout its range, its ability to thrive in modified habitats and as it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category. This taxon is not a non-breeding visitor, and it is presumed that any immigration from populations outside the UAE is not significant, and therefore there is no adjustment to the Category according to the IUCN regional and national Guidelines (IUCN 2012).
About the assessment
Assessment year
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Affliation of assessor(s)/contributors/reviewers listed on assessment
Assessor affiliation specific
Criteria system
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1 + Regional Guidelines v4.0
Criteria system used
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Endemic to region
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Threats listed in assessment
There are no major threats to this widespread species. It is persecuted throughout most of its range due to human fear of this venomous species.
Conservation Measures

Conservation measures:
Conservation measures notes:
Required conservation measures:

Scientific Name Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Echis carinatus ssp. sochureki Animalia Chordata Reptilia Squamata Viperidae Echis