Ficus salicifolia | UAE National Red List of Vascular Plants

Ficus salicifolia | Vahl
Countries in Assessment
United Arab Emirates
Country ISO code(s)
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
Scope (Assessment)
Taxonomic Group
Taxonomic Group Level 2
Flowering Plants
Assessed taxon level
Taxonomic Notes
Although the African Plant Database (APD 2020) maintains Ficus cordata subsp. salicifolia as a subspecies of F. cordata, we follow Bhanumas et al. 2013 and Plants of the World online (Board of Trustees, RBG Kew 2020) in considering Ficus salicifolia as a valid species.
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
Within the UAE, this species is widespread throughout the Hajar Mountain range and the Ru'us al-Jibal (as Ficus cordata subsp. salicifolia; Jongbloed et al. 2003). It typically occurs at low elevations and is rarely found above 500 m altitude (Jongbloed et al. 2003). Globally, the native range of this species is given as from the western Cape Province to Cameroon, and east to the Arabian Peninsula (Board of Trustees, RBG Kew 2019), although Bhanumas et al. (2013) consider the distribution in Africa to generally be more northerly (Algeria, Niger, Libya, Congo, South Africa, Botswana, Egypt, Sudan, Zimbabwe, Uganda, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Djibouti, Somalia, and Arabia (Saudi Arabia, Yemen, United Arab Emirates, and Oman). Bordbar and Mirtadzadini (2019) recorded the species for Iran.
Habitats and Ecology
Ecological system type
Terrestrial system
Freshwater system
Marine system
Habitat details as listed in assessment
This tree species is known to grow within wadi environments (Mahmoud et al. 2018). It can grow up to 15 m in height and has smooth grey bark (Jongbloed et al. 2003). The tree produces a milky sap, has alternating, lance-shaped leaves and round orange fruits (Jongbloed et al. 2003). It flowers between May and December (Jongbloed et al. 2003). Typically, it grows within wadi banks and gorges at low elevations (Jongbloed et al. 2003) and is described as 'more prominent on rock debris, especially near wadis' (Perry 2008). This fig tree is also reported to be the most drought-tolerant of the Ficus species found within Arabia (Jongbloed et al. 2003).
Is there a map available in assessment?
Assessed status
Asessment status in full
Least Concern
Assessment status abreviation
Assessment rationale/justification
This species occurs throughout the Hajar Mountains in the UAE, in addition to the Ru'us al-Jibal. Within this range, it is known to occur in at least one protected area. It is generally considered to be common and is therefore assessed as Least Concern.
About the assessment
Assessment year
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Affliation of assessor(s)/contributors/reviewers listed on assessment
Assessor affiliation specific
Criteria system
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1 + Regional Guidelines v4.0
Criteria system used
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Endemic to region
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Threats listed in assessment
There is no information available.
Conservation Measures

Conservation measures:
Conservation measures notes:
Required conservation measures:

Scientific Name Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Ficus salicifolia Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Rosales Moraceae Ficus