Hemidactylus flaviviridis | UAE National Red List of Herpetofauna: Amphibians & Terrestrial Reptiles, Sea Snakes & Marine Turtles

Hemidactylus flaviviridis | Rüppell, 1835
Countries in Assessment
United Arab Emirates
Country ISO code(s)
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
Scope (Assessment)
Taxonomic Group
Taxonomic Group Level 2
Assessed taxon level
Taxonomic Notes
This species was described by Rüppell in 1835 based on specimens collected from Massaua Island, Eritrea (Smith 1935).
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
Within the United Arab Emirates, this species is widespread and exclusively associated with human habitation from sea level to 500 m asl (Gardner 2013, Burriel-Carranza et al. in press). It is presumed to not be native to the Arabian Peninsula. However if introduced, introduction took place a very long time ago (prior to 1,500 CE/905AH).Globally, Hemidactylus flaviviridis ranges (Sindaco and Jeremäenko 2008) from Somalia (Lanza 1990) through Djibouti (Ineich 2001) and Eritrea into eastern Egypt (Flower 1933, Saleh 1997, Baha El Din 2001, 2005; Henkel 2003) and coastal Sudan (where it has a patchy distribution along the Red Sea coast), coastal Arabian Peninsula (including Socotra Island) (Arnold 1980, 1984; Carranza et al. 2018), Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan (where it is known with certainty only from the vicinity of Jalalabad. Wagner et al. (2016) suggest that a record from Kabul may represent confusion with H. brookii, which is known from this locality), Pakistan (Khan 1986, Baig et al. 2008, Rais et al. 2015, Ali et al. 2016), Nepal (Bhattarai et al. 2017), Bangladesh (Parves and Alam 2015), and northern, central and southern India (Mirza and Pal 2008). In Bangladesh, the species used to be restricted to the western parts of the country that are contiguous with West Bengal State in India; only after the 1980s has it been transported to the eastern half of the country (Khan 2015). It is generally found at sea level but can occur up to 1,000 m asl.The species has been widely introduced to an uncertain part of its above range (Minton 1966), probably including the coastal Red Sea (Loveridge 1947). It has been reported historically from Ethiopia (Loveridge 1947), but this country is not included in the distribution given by Largen (1997) and it is at present unknown in this country (Largen and Spawls 2006, 2010). Anderson (1999) suggests that it is native to central and southern India, and has become distributed westward along trade routes through human agency.
Habitats and Ecology
Ecological system type
Terrestrial system
Freshwater system
Marine system
Habitat details as listed in assessment
This species is mostly associated with human habitations including houses and ruins.
Is there a map available in assessment?
Assessed status
Asessment status in full
Not Applicable
Assessment rationale/justification
This species is widespread in the UAE. It is considered to be introduced, although this introduction probably took place prior to 1500 CE. The species is considered Not Applicable for the UAE national Red List as a non-native introduction.
About the assessment
Assessment year
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Affliation of assessor(s)/contributors/reviewers listed on assessment
Assessor affiliation specific
Criteria system
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1 + Regional Guidelines v4.0
Criteria system used
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Endemic to region
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Threats listed in assessment
There are no known threats to the species.
Conservation Measures

Conservation measures:
Conservation measures notes:
Required conservation measures:

Scientific Name Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Hemidactylus flaviviridis Animalia Chordata Reptilia Squamata Gekkonidae Hemidactylus