Trachinotus baillonii | UAE National Red List of Marine Species: Reef-building corals, cartilaginous fishes and select bony fishes

Trachinotus baillonii | (Lacep├Ęde, 1801)
Countries in Assessment
United Arab Emirates
Country ISO code(s)
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
Scope (Assessment)
Taxonomic Group
Taxonomic Group Level 2
Assessed taxon level
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
This species occurs throughout UAE waters. Globally, it is widespread in the Indo-West Pacific (Smith-Vaniz 1984, 1999, Hussain and Jawad 2014, W. Smith-Vaniz pers. comm. 2015). The depth range is 0 to 3 m (Bacchet et al. 2006).
Habitats and Ecology
Ecological system type
Terrestrial system
Freshwater system
Marine system
Habitat details as listed in assessment
This coastal species is often found near the surface waters of lagoon and seaward reefs (Randall 1995, Kuiter and Tonozuka 2001, Allen and Erdmann 2012), and in surge zones along sandy beaches (Smith-Vaniz 1999). It is usually observed in small aggregations and its diet consists mainly of crustaceans and worms (Randall 1995, Smith-Vaniz 1999). The maximum total length is 53 cm (Smith-Vaniz 1984).
Is there a map available in assessment?
Assessed status
Asessment status in full
Least Concern
Assessment status abreviation
Assessment rationale/justification
This inshore, pelagic speciesoccurs in the Sea of Oman and possibly on the Gulf coast in UAE waters. Anecdotal observations of its ocurrence in fish markets on the eastern coast indicate some possible declines have occurred. Fishing activity is not known to be causing declines approaching a Near Threatened or threatened level at this time; therefore, it is listed as Least Concern in the UAE. It is recommended to improved fisheries monitoring.
About the assessment
Assessment year
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Affliation of assessor(s)/contributors/reviewers listed on assessment
Assessor affiliation specific
Criteria system
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1 + Regional Guidelines v4.0
Criteria system used
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Endemic to region
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Threats listed in assessment
Fishing activity is not known to be driving declines in the UAE at this time. Corals in the UAE and Arabian Gulf have severely declined due to the increasing frequency of mass bleaching events caused by rising water temperatures, which is a consequence of climate change, as well as pervasive coastal development (Riegl et al. 2018, Burt et al. 2019).
Conservation Measures

Conservation measures:
Conservation measures notes:
Required conservation measures:

Scientific Name Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Trachinotus baillonii Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Perciformes Carangidae Trachinotus