Trachurus indicus | UAE National Red List of Marine Species: Reef-building corals, cartilaginous fishes and select bony fishes

Trachurus indicus | Nekrasov, 1966
Countries in Assessment
United Arab Emirates
Country ISO code(s)
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
Scope (Assessment)
Taxonomic Group
Taxonomic Group Level 2
Assessed taxon level
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
This species occurs throughout UAE waters. Globally, it is distributed in the Western Indian Ocean from the Red Sea, Somalia to the Arabian Gulf to Pakistan and south to the Saya de Malha Bank (Smith-Vaniz 1984). Its depth range is 20 to 250 metres (Mehanna et al. 2013).
Habitats and Ecology
Ecological system type
Terrestrial system
Freshwater system
Marine system
Habitat details as listed in assessment
This semi-pelagic, demersal species schools in nearshore waters from 20-250 m depth, but mostly shallower than 100 m (Mehanna et al. 2013). It reportedly does not occur in water temperatures below 20'°C or with oxygen saturation lower than 30% (Smith-Vaniz 1984). The maximum total length is 38.6 cm (Mehanna et al. 2013). Sexual maturity is attained during the first year at approximately 11 cm total length (Smith-Vaniz 1984). In Omani waters, total length at sexual maturity was about 16.3 cm for males and 17.4 cm for females (Mehanna et al. 2013). This species spawns in the Sea of Oman from August to November, with a peak in September and October (Thangaraja and Al-Aisry 2011, Mehanna et al. 2013). Longevity is at least seven years and natural mortality is estimated as 0.37 (Sabrah 2015). Its estimated generation length is 3.5 years.
Is there a map available in assessment?
Assessed status
Asessment status in full
Least Concern
Assessment status abreviation
Assessment rationale/justification
This inshore, pelagic species occurs throughout UAE waters. Fishing activity is not expected to be causing population declines approaching a Near Threatened or threatened level at this time. There are no known major threats; therefore, it is listed as Least Concern in the UAE.
About the assessment
Assessment year
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Affliation of assessor(s)/contributors/reviewers listed on assessment
Assessor affiliation specific
Criteria system
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1 + Regional Guidelines v4.0
Criteria system used
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Endemic to region
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Threats listed in assessment
Fishing activity is not known to be driving declines approaching a Near Threatened or threatened level in the UAE or immediately surrounding area at this time.
Conservation Measures

Conservation measures:
Conservation measures notes:
Required conservation measures:

Scientific Name Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Trachurus indicus Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Perciformes Carangidae Trachurus