Vachellia flava | UAE National Red List of Vascular Plants

Vachellia flava | (Forssk.) Kyal. & Boatwr.
Countries in Assessment
United Arab Emirates
Country ISO code(s)
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
Scope (Assessment)
Taxonomic Group
Taxonomic Group Level 2
Flowering Plants
Assessed taxon level
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
Within the UAE, it is known from foothills of the Hajar Mountains, Al Marmoum, Jebel Hafeet, Arabian Oryx Protected Area, and Hilli. It is absent from the west of the UAE, but has been planted as a landscape tree, for example in parts of Dubai (G.R. Brown pers. comm. 2020). The estimated EOO for this species is 19,222 km<sup>2</sup>. The species is found in the northern Sahel and the southern and central Sahara, extending to eastern Africa and east to the Arabian Peninsula.
Habitats and Ecology
Ecological system type
Terrestrial system
Freshwater system
Marine system
Habitat details as listed in assessment
This is a much branched, tall shrub or small tree (2-7 m tall), which grows in dry semi-desert areas on sandy and clay soil and on stony screes. The species is one of the most drought-tolerant among the common African acacias occurring in the rainfall belts 50-400 mm. Its distribution differs from that of Acacia seyal, as the latter is a typical Sahelian and Sudanian species occurring in rainfall belts between 400 and 800 mm, on fine-textured soils only. The species is also known to occur in many ecoregions (WWF Ecoregions), such as Sahara desert, Sahelian Acacia savanna, southwestern Arabian foothills savanna, Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert, Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands and South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert.
Is there a map available in assessment?
Assessed status
Asessment status in full
Near Threatened
Assessment status abreviation
Assessment status criteria
Assessment rationale/justification
The species is an important legume species for indigenous populations (it is used to feed animals, such as goats, sheep and camels, to produce high quality honey, for charcoal, as herbal medicine etc.), it is therefore important to ensure that this species is not over-exploited in the future leading to a population decline and to a threatened category. At present, the estimated EOO for this species is 19,222 km<sup>2</sup> and it is experiencing a decline in habitat extent and quality due to over-grazing and development. However, it is anticipated to occur at more than ten locations, meaning it is assessed as Near Threatened.
About the assessment
Assessment year
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Affliation of assessor(s)/contributors/reviewers listed on assessment
Assessor affiliation specific
Criteria system
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1 + Regional Guidelines v4.0
Criteria system used
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Endemic to region
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Threats listed in assessment
This species is over-grazed and is at threat from development. There is no known natural regeneration for this species.
Conservation Measures

Conservation measures:
Conservation measures notes:
Required conservation measures:

Further information
There were fewer threats in the past decades which may have meant this species was at lower risk of extinction. However, it is still likely to have been categorised as Near Threatened.
Scientific Name Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Vachellia flava Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Fabales Fabaceae Vachellia