United Arab Emirates

Official name
United Arab Emirates
ISO alpha-2 code
AE
ISO alpha-3 code
ARE
ISO numeric-3 code
784
Continent
Asia

Himantura uarnak | UAE National Red List of Marine Species: Reef-building corals, cartilaginous fishes and select bony fishes

Assessed taxon level
Species
Scope (Assessment)
National
Countries in Assessment
Assessment year
2019
Asessment status in full
Vulnerable
Assessment status abreviation
VU
Criteria system used
IUCN
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Assessment rationale/justification
The Reticulate Whipray occurs throughout UAE coastal waters. This species is not targeted or valued in markets of the UAE, trawling has been banned there since 1980 and recently conducted surveys indicate it remains common in the area; however, Himantura species are discarded from catches in the UAE and it is unknown how this impacts the species. A large part of the species distribution in the Arabian Sea region (namely, India and Pakistan) is under extremely intense and increasing demersal fishing pressure. In contrast, Himantura species are regularly discarded in the Arabian Gulf and Sea of Oman, and they remain common there. Though data specifically from the UAE are not available, individuals in the UAE are a component of a larger, interconnected and migratory population that occurs broadly in the north-western Indian Ocean. Given the intense fishing pressures faced by this species in other parts of the broader Arabian Seas region, and ongoing threats from discard and habitat loss in the UAE, it is inferred that declines reported in the Arabian Seas are representative of the status in the UAE. Based on recorded levels of exploitation and decline in habitat quality, it is suspected to have declined by at least 30% over the past three generation lengths, or about 60 years. It is listed as Vulnerable A2cd.
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Endemic to region
Not_assigned
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
The Reticulate Whipray occurs throughout UAE waters. Globally, it is widespread in the Indo-West Pacific (Last et al. 2016).

Taxonomic Group

Taxonomic Group
Vertebrates

Taxonomic Group Level 2

Taxonomic Group Level 2
Fishes
Freshwater system
No
Terrestrial system
No
Marine system
Yes
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
No
Taxa

Himantura uarnak | (Gmelin, 1789)

SIS Taxon ID
201098826
Phylum
Family
Genus
Kingdom
Species
Scientific Name
Himantura uarnak
Authority
(Gmelin, 1789)
Is SIS
On

Taxonomic Notes

Taxonomic Notes
Himantura uarnak was recently split from other Himantura species (Last et al. 2016a). The new distribution no longer includes Australia and Papua New Guinea (Last et al. 2016b). There is some continued taxonomic uncertainty with the Himantura genus and this assessment should be updated if the current distribution changes.
Assessed taxon level
Species
Scope (Assessment)
National
Countries in Assessment
Assessment year
2019
Asessment status in full
Vulnerable
Assessment status abreviation
VU
Criteria system used
IUCN
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Assessment rationale/justification
The Reticulate Whipray occurs throughout UAE coastal waters. This species is not targeted or valued in markets of the UAE, trawling has been banned there since 1980 and recently conducted surveys indicate it remains common in the area; however, Himantura species are discarded from catches in the UAE and it is unknown how this impacts the species. A large part of the species distribution in the Arabian Sea region (namely, India and Pakistan) is under extremely intense and increasing demersal fishing pressure. In contrast, Himantura species are regularly discarded in the Arabian Gulf and Sea of Oman, and they remain common there. Though data specifically from the UAE are not available, individuals in the UAE are a component of a larger, interconnected and migratory population that occurs broadly in the north-western Indian Ocean. Given the intense fishing pressures faced by this species in other parts of the broader Arabian Seas region, and ongoing threats from discard and habitat loss in the UAE, it is inferred that declines reported in the Arabian Seas are representative of the status in the UAE. Based on recorded levels of exploitation and decline in habitat quality, it is suspected to have declined by at least 30% over the past three generation lengths, or about 60 years. It is listed as Vulnerable A2cd.
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Endemic to region
Not_assigned
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
The Reticulate Whipray occurs throughout UAE waters. Globally, it is widespread in the Indo-West Pacific (Last et al. 2016).
Taxonomic Group
Vertebrates
Taxonomic Group Level 2
Fishes
Freshwater system
No
Terrestrial system
No
Marine system
Yes
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
No

Aetobatus flagellum | UAE National Red List of Marine Species: Reef-building corals, cartilaginous fishes and select bony fishes

Assessed taxon level
Species
Scope (Assessment)
National
Countries in Assessment
Assessment year
2019
Asessment status in full
Endangered
Assessment status abreviation
EN
Criteria system used
IUCN
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Assessment rationale/justification
This inshore eagle ray occurs throughout UAE waters, but little is known on its population there. It may be taken as bycatch in inshore gillnet fisheries. Most of the distribution of the species in the Arabian Sea region is under extremely intense and increasing demersal fishing pressure, especially off India. Furthermore, the loss and modification of coastal habitats in the Arabian Gulf is a significant concern, especially since this species is known to rely on estuaries during part of its life history. Its relative rarity, large size, and low productivity makes this species particularly susceptible to population decline. Though data specifically from the UAE are not available, individuals in the UAE are a component of a larger, interconnected and migratory population that occurs broadly in the north-western Indian Ocean. Given the intense fishing pressures faced by this species throughout the Arabian Seas, and ongoing threats from bycatch and habitat loss, it is inferred that declines reported in the Arabian Seas are representative of the status in the UAE. Based on recorded levels of exploitation, it is suspected to have declined by at least 50% over the past three generation lengths, or about 45 years. It is listed as Endangered A2d.
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Endemic to region
Not_assigned
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
The Longhead Eagle Ray occurs throughout UAE waters. Globally, it is patchily distributed in the Indo-West Pacific from the Arabian Sea region to Indonesia and Malaysia (Last et al. 2016).

Taxonomic Group

Taxonomic Group
Vertebrates

Taxonomic Group Level 2

Taxonomic Group Level 2
Fishes
Freshwater system
No
Terrestrial system
No
Marine system
Yes
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
No
Taxa

Aetobatus flagellum | (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

SIS Taxon ID
169243577
Phylum
Family
Genus
Kingdom
Species
Scientific Name
Aetobatus flagellum
Authority
(Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Is SIS
On

Taxonomic Notes

Taxonomic Notes
This species was previously considered to be conspecific with Aetobatus narutobiei, but the species have since been shown to differ genetically and morphologically (White and Moore 2013).
Assessed taxon level
Species
Scope (Assessment)
National
Countries in Assessment
Assessment year
2019
Asessment status in full
Endangered
Assessment status abreviation
EN
Criteria system used
IUCN
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Assessment rationale/justification
This inshore eagle ray occurs throughout UAE waters, but little is known on its population there. It may be taken as bycatch in inshore gillnet fisheries. Most of the distribution of the species in the Arabian Sea region is under extremely intense and increasing demersal fishing pressure, especially off India. Furthermore, the loss and modification of coastal habitats in the Arabian Gulf is a significant concern, especially since this species is known to rely on estuaries during part of its life history. Its relative rarity, large size, and low productivity makes this species particularly susceptible to population decline. Though data specifically from the UAE are not available, individuals in the UAE are a component of a larger, interconnected and migratory population that occurs broadly in the north-western Indian Ocean. Given the intense fishing pressures faced by this species throughout the Arabian Seas, and ongoing threats from bycatch and habitat loss, it is inferred that declines reported in the Arabian Seas are representative of the status in the UAE. Based on recorded levels of exploitation, it is suspected to have declined by at least 50% over the past three generation lengths, or about 45 years. It is listed as Endangered A2d.
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Endemic to region
Not_assigned
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
The Longhead Eagle Ray occurs throughout UAE waters. Globally, it is patchily distributed in the Indo-West Pacific from the Arabian Sea region to Indonesia and Malaysia (Last et al. 2016).
Taxonomic Group
Vertebrates
Taxonomic Group Level 2
Fishes
Freshwater system
No
Terrestrial system
No
Marine system
Yes
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
No

Scoliodon laticaudus | UAE National Red List of Marine Species: Reef-building corals, cartilaginous fishes and select bony fishes

Assessed taxon level
Species
Scope (Assessment)
National
Countries in Assessment
Assessment year
2019
Asessment status in full
Data Deficient
Assessment status abreviation
DD
Criteria system used
IUCN
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Assessment rationale/justification
The Spadenose Shark occurs in UAE waters on the Sea of Oman, but is very poorly known there. It is reported as a dominant species in landings in Pakistan and India and is particularly susceptible to inshore fisheries. Due to its limited fecundity, concern exists that ongoing increases in catches will lead to recruitment overfishing. Intensive and increasing fishing means that, like many other species, populations have likely declined. Little is known on the population of this species in UAE waters and given that its distribution there remains uncertain, it is listed as Data Deficient.
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Endemic to region
Not_assigned
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
The Spadenose Shark occurs in UAE waters on the Sea of Oman coast, and potentially the Arabian Gulf coast. Its presence in the Arabian Gulf is unclear, but historic records suggest it may occur there (Wright et al. 1990). Extensive market and fishery surveys have failed to identify it there (Moore et al. 2012, Jabado et al. 2015). Globally, it is widespread in the Indo-West Pacific (Ebert et al. 2013).

Taxonomic Group

Taxonomic Group
Vertebrates

Taxonomic Group Level 2

Taxonomic Group Level 2
Fishes
Freshwater system
No
Terrestrial system
No
Marine system
Yes
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
No
Taxa

Scoliodon laticaudus | Müller & Henle, 1838

SIS Taxon ID
169234201
Phylum
Genus
Kingdom
Species
Scientific Name
Scoliodon laticaudus
Authority
Müller & Henle, 1838
Is SIS
On

Taxonomic Notes

Taxonomic Notes
The genus Scoliodon, represented by S. laticaudus, was previously considered monotypic but now consists of three species with S. macrorhynchus resurrected from the junior synonym of S. laticaudus (White et al. 2010).
Assessed taxon level
Species
Scope (Assessment)
National
Countries in Assessment
Assessment year
2019
Asessment status in full
Data Deficient
Assessment status abreviation
DD
Criteria system used
IUCN
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Assessment rationale/justification
The Spadenose Shark occurs in UAE waters on the Sea of Oman, but is very poorly known there. It is reported as a dominant species in landings in Pakistan and India and is particularly susceptible to inshore fisheries. Due to its limited fecundity, concern exists that ongoing increases in catches will lead to recruitment overfishing. Intensive and increasing fishing means that, like many other species, populations have likely declined. Little is known on the population of this species in UAE waters and given that its distribution there remains uncertain, it is listed as Data Deficient.
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Endemic to region
Not_assigned
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
The Spadenose Shark occurs in UAE waters on the Sea of Oman coast, and potentially the Arabian Gulf coast. Its presence in the Arabian Gulf is unclear, but historic records suggest it may occur there (Wright et al. 1990). Extensive market and fishery surveys have failed to identify it there (Moore et al. 2012, Jabado et al. 2015). Globally, it is widespread in the Indo-West Pacific (Ebert et al. 2013).
Taxonomic Group
Vertebrates
Taxonomic Group Level 2
Fishes
Freshwater system
No
Terrestrial system
No
Marine system
Yes
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
No

Ficus salicifolia | UAE National Red List of Vascular Plants

Assessed taxon level
Species
Scope (Assessment)
National
Countries in Assessment
Assessment year
2019
Asessment status in full
Least Concern
Assessment status abreviation
LC
Criteria system used
IUCN
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1 + Regional Guidelines v4.0
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Assessment rationale/justification
This species occurs throughout the Hajar Mountains in the UAE, in addition to the Ru'us al-Jibal. Within this range, it is known to occur in at least one protected area. It is generally considered to be common and is therefore assessed as Least Concern.
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Endemic to region
Not_assigned
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
Within the UAE, this species is widespread throughout the Hajar Mountain range and the Ru'us al-Jibal (as Ficus cordata subsp. salicifolia; Jongbloed et al. 2003). It typically occurs at low elevations and is rarely found above 500 m altitude (Jongbloed et al. 2003). Globally, the native range of this species is given as from the western Cape Province to Cameroon, and east to the Arabian Peninsula (Board of Trustees, RBG Kew 2019), although Bhanumas et al. (2013) consider the distribution in Africa to generally be more northerly (Algeria, Niger, Libya, Congo, South Africa, Botswana, Egypt, Sudan, Zimbabwe, Uganda, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Djibouti, Somalia, and Arabia (Saudi Arabia, Yemen, United Arab Emirates, and Oman). Bordbar and Mirtadzadini (2019) recorded the species for Iran.

Taxonomic Group

Taxonomic Group
Plants

Taxonomic Group Level 2

Taxonomic Group Level 2
Flowering Plants
Freshwater system
No
Terrestrial system
No
Marine system
No
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
No
Taxa

Ficus salicifolia | Vahl

SIS Taxon ID
166160274
Phylum
Order
Family
Genus
Kingdom
Species
Scientific Name
Ficus salicifolia
Authority
Vahl
Is SIS
On

Taxonomic Notes

Taxonomic Notes
Although the African Plant Database (APD 2020) maintains Ficus cordata subsp. salicifolia as a subspecies of F. cordata, we follow Bhanumas et al. 2013 and Plants of the World online (Board of Trustees, RBG Kew 2020) in considering Ficus salicifolia as a valid species.
Assessed taxon level
Species
Scope (Assessment)
National
Countries in Assessment
Assessment year
2019
Asessment status in full
Least Concern
Assessment status abreviation
LC
Criteria system used
IUCN
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1 + Regional Guidelines v4.0
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Assessment rationale/justification
This species occurs throughout the Hajar Mountains in the UAE, in addition to the Ru'us al-Jibal. Within this range, it is known to occur in at least one protected area. It is generally considered to be common and is therefore assessed as Least Concern.
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Endemic to region
Not_assigned
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
Within the UAE, this species is widespread throughout the Hajar Mountain range and the Ru'us al-Jibal (as Ficus cordata subsp. salicifolia; Jongbloed et al. 2003). It typically occurs at low elevations and is rarely found above 500 m altitude (Jongbloed et al. 2003). Globally, the native range of this species is given as from the western Cape Province to Cameroon, and east to the Arabian Peninsula (Board of Trustees, RBG Kew 2019), although Bhanumas et al. (2013) consider the distribution in Africa to generally be more northerly (Algeria, Niger, Libya, Congo, South Africa, Botswana, Egypt, Sudan, Zimbabwe, Uganda, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Djibouti, Somalia, and Arabia (Saudi Arabia, Yemen, United Arab Emirates, and Oman). Bordbar and Mirtadzadini (2019) recorded the species for Iran.
Taxonomic Group
Plants
Taxonomic Group Level 2
Flowering Plants
Freshwater system
No
Terrestrial system
No
Marine system
No
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
No

Vachellia flava | UAE National Red List of Vascular Plants

Assessed taxon level
Species
Scope (Assessment)
National
Countries in Assessment
Assessment year
2019
Asessment status in full
Near Threatened
Assessment status abreviation
NT
Criteria system used
IUCN
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1 + Regional Guidelines v4.0
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Assessment rationale/justification
The species is an important legume species for indigenous populations (it is used to feed animals, such as goats, sheep and camels, to produce high quality honey, for charcoal, as herbal medicine etc.), it is therefore important to ensure that this species is not over-exploited in the future leading to a population decline and to a threatened category. At present, the estimated EOO for this species is 19,222 km<sup>2</sup> and it is experiencing a decline in habitat extent and quality due to over-grazing and development. However, it is anticipated to occur at more than ten locations, meaning it is assessed as Near Threatened.
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Endemic to region
Not_assigned
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
Within the UAE, it is known from foothills of the Hajar Mountains, Al Marmoum, Jebel Hafeet, Arabian Oryx Protected Area, and Hilli. It is absent from the west of the UAE, but has been planted as a landscape tree, for example in parts of Dubai (G.R. Brown pers. comm. 2020). The estimated EOO for this species is 19,222 km<sup>2</sup>. The species is found in the northern Sahel and the southern and central Sahara, extending to eastern Africa and east to the Arabian Peninsula.

Taxonomic Group

Taxonomic Group
Plants

Taxonomic Group Level 2

Taxonomic Group Level 2
Flowering Plants
Freshwater system
No
Terrestrial system
No
Marine system
No
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
No
Taxa

Vachellia flava | (Forssk.) Kyal. & Boatwr.

SIS Taxon ID
164048371
Phylum
Order
Family
Genus
Kingdom
Species
Scientific Name
Vachellia flava
Authority
(Forssk.) Kyal. & Boatwr.
Is SIS
On
Assessed taxon level
Species
Scope (Assessment)
National
Countries in Assessment
Assessment year
2019
Asessment status in full
Near Threatened
Assessment status abreviation
NT
Criteria system used
IUCN
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1 + Regional Guidelines v4.0
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Assessment rationale/justification
The species is an important legume species for indigenous populations (it is used to feed animals, such as goats, sheep and camels, to produce high quality honey, for charcoal, as herbal medicine etc.), it is therefore important to ensure that this species is not over-exploited in the future leading to a population decline and to a threatened category. At present, the estimated EOO for this species is 19,222 km<sup>2</sup> and it is experiencing a decline in habitat extent and quality due to over-grazing and development. However, it is anticipated to occur at more than ten locations, meaning it is assessed as Near Threatened.
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Endemic to region
Not_assigned
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
Within the UAE, it is known from foothills of the Hajar Mountains, Al Marmoum, Jebel Hafeet, Arabian Oryx Protected Area, and Hilli. It is absent from the west of the UAE, but has been planted as a landscape tree, for example in parts of Dubai (G.R. Brown pers. comm. 2020). The estimated EOO for this species is 19,222 km<sup>2</sup>. The species is found in the northern Sahel and the southern and central Sahara, extending to eastern Africa and east to the Arabian Peninsula.
Taxonomic Group
Plants
Taxonomic Group Level 2
Flowering Plants
Freshwater system
No
Terrestrial system
No
Marine system
No
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
No

Chesneya parviflora | UAE National Red List of Vascular Plants

Assessed taxon level
Species
Scope (Assessment)
National
Countries in Assessment
Assessment year
2019
Asessment status in full
Data Deficient
Assessment status abreviation
DD
Criteria system used
IUCN
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1 + Regional Guidelines v4.0
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Assessment rationale/justification
There is limited information regarding Chesneya parviflora and its distribution within the UAE. Although this species has been recorded from the southern edge of the Ru'us al-Jibal and the Dibba zone, detailed distribution data is lacking. Furthermore, the threats to this species are currently unknown and there is more to learn about its habitat and ecology. Therefore, this species is currently assessed as Data Deficient.
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Endemic to region
Not_assigned
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
Within the UAE, this species has been recorded from a single locality at low altitude in the southeast of the Ru'us al-Jibal (Feulner 2011). There are reportedly other scattered specimens within the adjacent Dibba zone, although the plant does not seem to generally occur in the Hajar Mountains (Feulner 2011). Present in northern Oman at c. 2,500 m (Ghazanfar pers. comm. 2019). Globally, this species occurs from Pakistan to Iran (Board of Trustees, RBG Kew 2019). Plants of the World Online does not list the UAE as a native country of occurrence for this species, but its occurrence in the Hajar Mountains is consistent with an Oman-Makran distribution, characteristic of many other species of regional plants and animals.

Taxonomic Group

Taxonomic Group
Plants

Taxonomic Group Level 2

Taxonomic Group Level 2
Flowering Plants
Freshwater system
No
Terrestrial system
No
Marine system
No
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
No
Taxa

Chesneya parviflora | Jaub. & Spach

SIS Taxon ID
157975174
Phylum
Order
Family
Genus
Kingdom
Species
Scientific Name
Chesneya parviflora
Authority
Jaub. & Spach
Is SIS
On
Assessed taxon level
Species
Scope (Assessment)
National
Countries in Assessment
Assessment year
2019
Asessment status in full
Data Deficient
Assessment status abreviation
DD
Criteria system used
IUCN
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1 + Regional Guidelines v4.0
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Assessment rationale/justification
There is limited information regarding Chesneya parviflora and its distribution within the UAE. Although this species has been recorded from the southern edge of the Ru'us al-Jibal and the Dibba zone, detailed distribution data is lacking. Furthermore, the threats to this species are currently unknown and there is more to learn about its habitat and ecology. Therefore, this species is currently assessed as Data Deficient.
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Endemic to region
Not_assigned
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
Within the UAE, this species has been recorded from a single locality at low altitude in the southeast of the Ru'us al-Jibal (Feulner 2011). There are reportedly other scattered specimens within the adjacent Dibba zone, although the plant does not seem to generally occur in the Hajar Mountains (Feulner 2011). Present in northern Oman at c. 2,500 m (Ghazanfar pers. comm. 2019). Globally, this species occurs from Pakistan to Iran (Board of Trustees, RBG Kew 2019). Plants of the World Online does not list the UAE as a native country of occurrence for this species, but its occurrence in the Hajar Mountains is consistent with an Oman-Makran distribution, characteristic of many other species of regional plants and animals.
Taxonomic Group
Plants
Taxonomic Group Level 2
Flowering Plants
Freshwater system
No
Terrestrial system
No
Marine system
No
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
No

Fagonia ovalifolia | UAE National Red List of Vascular Plants

Assessed taxon level
Species
Scope (Assessment)
National
Countries in Assessment
Assessment year
2019
Asessment status in full
Least Concern
Assessment status abreviation
LC
Criteria system used
IUCN
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1 + Regional Guidelines v4.0
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Assessment rationale/justification
This species is widespread the southern emirates in the UAE. Although data are lacking on the population size and trend, the species is assessed as Least Concern as it is thought unlikely that it will approach the thresholds for a threatened category.
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Endemic to region
Not_assigned
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
The species is found across the sandy plains of the UAE, but is absent from the north-east of the country (Jongbloed et al. 2003, MEW 2010).Globally, its native range is considered to span across northern Africa, to the Arabian Peninsula and on to India (Board of Trustees, RBG Kew 2019).

Taxonomic Group

Taxonomic Group
Plants

Taxonomic Group Level 2

Taxonomic Group Level 2
Flowering Plants
Freshwater system
No
Terrestrial system
No
Marine system
No
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
No
Taxa

Fagonia ovalifolia | Hadidi

SIS Taxon ID
152518368
Phylum
Genus
Kingdom
Species
Scientific Name
Fagonia ovalifolia
Authority
Hadidi
Is SIS
On
Assessed taxon level
Species
Scope (Assessment)
National
Countries in Assessment
Assessment year
2019
Asessment status in full
Least Concern
Assessment status abreviation
LC
Criteria system used
IUCN
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1 + Regional Guidelines v4.0
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Assessment rationale/justification
This species is widespread the southern emirates in the UAE. Although data are lacking on the population size and trend, the species is assessed as Least Concern as it is thought unlikely that it will approach the thresholds for a threatened category.
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Endemic to region
Not_assigned
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
The species is found across the sandy plains of the UAE, but is absent from the north-east of the country (Jongbloed et al. 2003, MEW 2010).Globally, its native range is considered to span across northern Africa, to the Arabian Peninsula and on to India (Board of Trustees, RBG Kew 2019).
Taxonomic Group
Plants
Taxonomic Group Level 2
Flowering Plants
Freshwater system
No
Terrestrial system
No
Marine system
No
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
No

Cyanthillium cinereum | UAE National Red List of Vascular Plants

Assessed taxon level
Species
Scope (Assessment)
National
Countries in Assessment
Assessment year
2019
Asessment status in full
Least Concern
Assessment status abreviation
LC
Criteria system used
IUCN
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1 + Regional Guidelines v4.0
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Assessment rationale/justification
This species is reported to be widespread through the Hajar Mountains and along the east coast in plantations. It is currently unclear as to whether it exists within the Ru'us al-Jibal. It is assessed as Least Concern.
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Endemic to region
Not_assigned
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
MEW (2010) considered this species to be widespread in the Hajar Mountains and in the Ru'us al Jibal in plantations, and Jongbloed et al. (2003) also reported the species from east coast plantations. However, the species seems to be absent from Feulner's (2011) study of the Ru'us al-Jibal. The global range of this species is across much of Africa, through the Arabian Peninsula, to East Asia and the Pacific (Board of Trustees, RBG Kew 2019). GRIN (2019) considers the species to be native to only Oman and Yemen in the Arabian Peninsula.

Taxonomic Group

Taxonomic Group
Plants

Taxonomic Group Level 2

Taxonomic Group Level 2
Flowering Plants
Freshwater system
No
Terrestrial system
No
Marine system
No
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
No
Taxa

Cyanthillium cinereum | (L.) H.Rob.

SIS Taxon ID
151511056
Phylum
Order
Family
Genus
Kingdom
Species
Scientific Name
Cyanthillium cinereum
Authority
(L.) H.Rob.
Is SIS
On
Assessed taxon level
Species
Scope (Assessment)
National
Countries in Assessment
Assessment year
2019
Asessment status in full
Least Concern
Assessment status abreviation
LC
Criteria system used
IUCN
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1 + Regional Guidelines v4.0
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Assessment rationale/justification
This species is reported to be widespread through the Hajar Mountains and along the east coast in plantations. It is currently unclear as to whether it exists within the Ru'us al-Jibal. It is assessed as Least Concern.
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Endemic to region
Not_assigned
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
MEW (2010) considered this species to be widespread in the Hajar Mountains and in the Ru'us al Jibal in plantations, and Jongbloed et al. (2003) also reported the species from east coast plantations. However, the species seems to be absent from Feulner's (2011) study of the Ru'us al-Jibal. The global range of this species is across much of Africa, through the Arabian Peninsula, to East Asia and the Pacific (Board of Trustees, RBG Kew 2019). GRIN (2019) considers the species to be native to only Oman and Yemen in the Arabian Peninsula.
Taxonomic Group
Plants
Taxonomic Group Level 2
Flowering Plants
Freshwater system
No
Terrestrial system
No
Marine system
No
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
No

Bromus pectinatus | UAE National Red List of Vascular Plants

Assessed taxon level
Species
Scope (Assessment)
National
Countries in Assessment
Assessment year
2019
Asessment status in full
Data Deficient
Assessment status abreviation
DD
Criteria system used
IUCN
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1 + Regional Guidelines v4.0
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Assessment rationale/justification
Although this species has been recorded from two specific localities within the UAE, detailed data on its distribution in the country is required. For now, it is assessed as Data Deficient.
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Endemic to region
Not_assigned
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
Within the UAE, this species has been recorded from just below the summit of Jebel Al-Iyeli (c.1,000 m elevation) and from Wadi Helo (Feulner 2014, El-Keblawy et al. 2016), two nearby localities in the Olive Highlands. The global range of this species is Sahara to Kenya, Madagascar according to Plants of the World online (Board of Trustees, RBG Kew 2019), whilst Naderi and Rahiminejad (2015) give the distribution as South Africa, Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia, Sudan, Morocco and Yemen. However, Plants of the World Online does not list the UAE as a native country of occurrence of this species.

Taxonomic Group

Taxonomic Group
Plants

Taxonomic Group Level 2

Taxonomic Group Level 2
Flowering Plants
Freshwater system
No
Terrestrial system
No
Marine system
No
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
No
Taxa

Bromus pectinatus | Thunb.

SIS Taxon ID
151415503
Phylum
Class
Order
Family
Genus
Kingdom
Species
Scientific Name
Bromus pectinatus
Authority
Thunb.
Is SIS
On
Assessed taxon level
Species
Scope (Assessment)
National
Countries in Assessment
Assessment year
2019
Asessment status in full
Data Deficient
Assessment status abreviation
DD
Criteria system used
IUCN
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1 + Regional Guidelines v4.0
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Assessment rationale/justification
Although this species has been recorded from two specific localities within the UAE, detailed data on its distribution in the country is required. For now, it is assessed as Data Deficient.
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Endemic to region
Not_assigned
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
Within the UAE, this species has been recorded from just below the summit of Jebel Al-Iyeli (c.1,000 m elevation) and from Wadi Helo (Feulner 2014, El-Keblawy et al. 2016), two nearby localities in the Olive Highlands. The global range of this species is Sahara to Kenya, Madagascar according to Plants of the World online (Board of Trustees, RBG Kew 2019), whilst Naderi and Rahiminejad (2015) give the distribution as South Africa, Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia, Sudan, Morocco and Yemen. However, Plants of the World Online does not list the UAE as a native country of occurrence of this species.
Taxonomic Group
Plants
Taxonomic Group Level 2
Flowering Plants
Freshwater system
No
Terrestrial system
No
Marine system
No
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
No

Centaurea pseudosinaica | UAE National Red List of Vascular Plants

Assessed taxon level
Species
Scope (Assessment)
National
Countries in Assessment
Assessment year
2019
Asessment status in full
Least Concern
Assessment status abreviation
LC
Criteria system used
IUCN
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1 + Regional Guidelines v4.0
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Assessment rationale/justification
This species is widespread in northern parts of the UAE. Whilst subpopulations will have undergone a significant decline as a result of coastal development, it is thought that the species still qualifies as Least Concern.
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Endemic to region
Not_assigned
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
The species is found throughout the northern Emirates (MEW 2010), including Jebel Hafeet (Fawzi and Ksiksi 2007, Sakkir and Brown 2014) and Al Ain (Jongbloed et al. 2003), from at least the Taweela sands (Abu Dhabi Emirate; Brown et al. 2007) eastwards. The native range of this species is Iraq and southern Iran to the Arabian Peninsula (Board of Trustees, RBG Kew 2019).

Taxonomic Group

Taxonomic Group
Plants

Taxonomic Group Level 2

Taxonomic Group Level 2
Flowering Plants
Freshwater system
No
Terrestrial system
No
Marine system
No
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
No
Taxa

Centaurea pseudosinaica | Czerep.

SIS Taxon ID
150693407
Phylum
Order
Family
Genus
Kingdom
Species
Scientific Name
Centaurea pseudosinaica
Authority
Czerep.
Is SIS
On
Assessed taxon level
Species
Scope (Assessment)
National
Countries in Assessment
Assessment year
2019
Asessment status in full
Least Concern
Assessment status abreviation
LC
Criteria system used
IUCN
Criteria system specifics
IUCN v3.1 + Regional Guidelines v4.0
Criteria Citation
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. iv + 32pp pp. And IUCN. 2012. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels: Version 4.0. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. iii + 41pp.
Assessment rationale/justification
This species is widespread in northern parts of the UAE. Whilst subpopulations will have undergone a significant decline as a result of coastal development, it is thought that the species still qualifies as Least Concern.
Assessors/contributors/reviewers listed
UAE National Red List Workshop
Endemic to region
Not_assigned
Endemism Notes
Is an endemic?: Not_assigned
Taxon distribution as listed in assessment
The species is found throughout the northern Emirates (MEW 2010), including Jebel Hafeet (Fawzi and Ksiksi 2007, Sakkir and Brown 2014) and Al Ain (Jongbloed et al. 2003), from at least the Taweela sands (Abu Dhabi Emirate; Brown et al. 2007) eastwards. The native range of this species is Iraq and southern Iran to the Arabian Peninsula (Board of Trustees, RBG Kew 2019).
Taxonomic Group
Plants
Taxonomic Group Level 2
Flowering Plants
Freshwater system
No
Terrestrial system
No
Marine system
No
Does the assessment cover a marine EEZ area(s)?
No